Erdogan hailed the deal as a “historic agreement,” while spoke to reporters alongside Putin. The Sochi agreement is widely seen as broader than Ankara`s agreement with Washington. As part of a 10-point plan, Turkish-Russian patrols will impose a 10-kilometre Syrian buffer zone on the Turkish border. Oytun Orhan, a Syria expert and coordinator at the Ankara-based Center for Middle East Studies (ORSAM), said that “Turkey`s security problems have been largely resolved by the Sochi agreement.” Putin stressed the importance of preserving Syria`s territorial integrity and removing illegitimate foreign troops from Syrian territory. Putin then worked on the phone to get Assad on board. However, Mr. Assad reaffirmed his staunch opposition to the Turkish military presence in Syria, his determination to use “all legitimate means” to counter the “invasion” of Turkey and ensure the return of masses of war refugees who, since the beginning of the Turkish operation Peace Spring, with the help of Arab deputies accused since then of committing numerous atrocities against the Kurds , commit some 250,000 people. If The Kurdish fighters protecting the local population, as stipulated in the Sochi agreement, there is a clear possibility of expulsions and atrocities against the civilian population, such as Operation Efrin in 2018, which has been criticized by human rights organizations as culminating in ethnic cleansing. The agreement was negotiated on 22 October 2019 at a diplomatic summit in Sochi, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.  Negotiations on the agreement lasted six and a half hours.
 After the more than five-hour meeting in Sochi, the Turkish and Russian presidents announced a wide-scale agreement including the withdrawal of members of the Syrian-Kurdish People`s Protection Units (YPG) and their weapons 30 km from the Turkish border within 150 hours. The second buffer zone in northern Syria, which is part of the Sochi Agreement , is a buffer zone in northern Syria between the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) and the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF). It was launched following a declaration of intent by the Russian and Turkish presidents during the 2019 Turkish offensive in northeastern Syria in the Russian city of Sochi. Most of the area is controlled by the Syrian army and Russian military police, some by the TAF.    Agreements between Washington and Ankara regarding a safe zone along the Syrian-Turkish border have always failed because of different definitions of the area. “Under this agreement, Turkey and Russia will not allow a separatist agenda on Syrian territory,” he said. But perhaps the most important issue is the fighting-tested Kurds, who, after nearly two weeks of fierce fighting, still have to be uprooted from the border towns besieged by Erdogan`s army and his mercenaries. Erdgoan`s eyes are on the crucial area of Manbij, where, according to the Kurdish agreements in Damascus, there has been a new infusion of Syrian troops that strengthen the defence of the city. As a result, the “safe zone” is likely to remain in conflict for some time, which could damage Russia`s relations with the Kurds, the Syrian government and Iran, if Putin`s warplanes and helicopters begin to punish the Syrian Kurds as the cost of their new “win-win” partnership with Ankara.