The United States, Mexico and Canada have reached an agreement that benefits American farmers, ranchers and agricultural businesses. While NAFTA agriculture has generally developed well, significant improvements to the agreement will ensure fairer trade in food and agriculture and increase exports of U.S. agricultural products. However, the most important aspect for Canada – the opening of its economy to the United States, by far Canada`s largest trading partner – fell back from NAFTA, with the entry into force of the Canada-United States Agreement in 1989. Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Overall, Canada-U.S. Trade has increased rapidly as a result of Canada`s trade liberalization. According to nafta, Canadian exports to the United States have increased from $110 billion to $346 billion; Imports from the United States increased almost in the same way. The provisions of the agreement cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, manufactured goods, working conditions, digital trade and others. Among the most important aspects of the agreement are better access for U.S.
dairy farmers to the Canadian market, guidelines for a greater proportion of automobiles produced in the three countries instead of being imported from other countries, and the maintenance of the dispute settlement system, similar to that contained in NAFTA.   Regardless of this, House spokesman Paul Ryan set May 11, 2018, May 17 as the deadline for congressional action. This deadline was not met and the agreement with Mexico was only concluded on 27 August 2018.  At that time, Canada had not yet approved the submitted agreement. Given that the outgoing President of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto, took place on the 1st The deadline for the submission of the agreed text was set for 30 September 2018 and was set for 30 September 2018 and was set for 30 September 2018. Negotiators worked 24 hours a day and reached agreement on a draft text less than an hour before midnight on that date. The following day, October 1, 2018, the USMCA text was released as an agreed document. In late 2019, the Trump administration won Democratic support in Congress at the USMCA after agreeing to incorporate greater labor law enforcement. In the updated Pact, the parties agreed on a number of changes: the rules of origin for the automotive industry were strengthened, so that 75% of each vehicle must come from the Member States, compared to 62.5%; And new work rules have been added, which require that 40 percent of each vehicle come from factories that pay at least $16 an hour. A proposal to extend intellectual property protection for US pharmaceuticals – a red line for US negotiators – has been sacrificed. The USMCA also significantly reduces the controversial investor-state dispute settlement mechanism, eliminates it completely with Canada, and limits it to certain sectors with Mexico, including oil and gas and telecommunications.
== The government`s main objective for the SPS chapter was to strengthen the scientific basis for SPS measures. This single objective promotes both public health and trade and is reflected in the provisions of the entire SPS chapter. . . .